Saturday, November 12, 2016
CHINESE DAO IN 21ST CENTURY (I) THE RISE OF CHINA AS A POLITICAL MERITOCRACY AND CIVILIZATION STATE BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH. D.
CHINESE DAO IN 21ST CENTURY (I) THE RISE OF CHINA AS A POLITICAL MERITOCRACY AND CIVILIZATION STATE BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH. D. PREFACE This is a five part Dao story of the rise of China as a meritocracy and civilization state. China is the only ancient civilization that has a continuous uninterrupted five thousand years history in the world. The Chinese Confucian philosophy extended to the world and heavily influenced the governance of South Eastern Asian nations to this day. The economic success of the Asian nations during the 20th century globalization is largely credited to the Confucian emphasis of education and hard work. But what has escaped the West’s global dialogue is the most important tradition of meritocracy governance of China as a civilization state. This is because the West is blinded by our liberal democratic ideology as not to see the most important Chinese contribution of meritocracy governance system to the world. The success of Singapore and China in the 20th century globalization as outstanding examples of meritocracy governed nations now proved the utter failure of the arrogant and premature Francis Fukuyama’s “theory of the end of civilization”. The five Dao stories of the rise of China as a meritocracy and civilization state are: (I)CHINA AS THE CIVILIZATION STATE WITH THE GRAND WAY(HUANG DAO) (II) VERTICAL POLITICAL MERITOCRACY DEMOCRACY AS DAO PRACTICED IN CHINA (III) CHINESE DAO OF “HE” CULTURE IS SOCIALISM WTH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS (IV) THE CHINESE DAO OF INTERNET CULTURE IS ABOUT GOOD FOR THE LARGEST DENOMINATION (YI REN WEI BEN) (V) THE CHINESE DAO OF “ONE BELT ONE ROAD” INITIATIVE (I)CHINA AS THE CIVILIZATION STATE WITH THE GRAND WAY(HUANG DAO) China as a civilization state of long tradition with a predominant Confucian philosophy has practiced meritocracy throughout history. During the emperor days, the power of the emperors was constrained by the advice of their mandarin court. The mandarins in the court were selected through imperial examinations that were open to the whole population. The standard of the examinations were set by Confucian teachings of the grand way (Huang Dao), such as good governance must be based on the well-being of the people(Yi ren wei ben), the world works for the interest of all people(Tien xia wei gong), select the outstanding and appoint the capable(Xuan xian yu neng) and unity of mankind(Sei jie da tong). With this Confucian high ideal of the grand way(Huang Dao) to guide China’s meritocracy governance China remain the highest civilization state of the world for most world history. During the last two thousand years except for the last two hundred years China was the most advanced and prosperous empire in the world. China was behind in the European industrial revolution but guided by her civilization state meritocracy China rapidly caught up with the West during the last four decades. Today China is the second largest economy and the world’s number one trading nation again. Francis C W Fung, Ph.D. Director General World Harmony Organization, San Francisco