Saturday, February 21, 2015

AMERICAN CHINA RELATION SHOULD BE MORE LIKE GO (WEIQI) AND NOT CHESS

AMERICAN CHINA RELATION SHOULD BE MORE LIKE GO GAME(WEIQI) AND NOT CHESS BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D. After reviewing several important U.S. China relation articles I realized that China should start looking at the relation more as a weiqi than chess game. For three years since Xi Jinping became President of China, Xi has patiently appealed to Obama for a new relationship to treat each other as equals and more mutual respect. Xi made the first approach of this idea of a new relation during the informal meeting between Obama and himself in California and later again at the Asia Pacific summit meeting at the side line with Obama. By all observations from U.S. scholars, Obama just ignored Xi and increased the military pivot to Asia to contain China. Now Chinese scholars are beginning to advise Xi to look away from trying fruitlessly appeal to Obama. They suggest that China should adopt the strategy of look away from a hopeless situation and redouble her effort to strengthen the other regions to support this hopeless territory as in weiqi. To be specific, Xi's initiative of "Belt and Road" to rebuild the ancient silk road is very timely to help the land locked developing countries to modernize and expand their connectivity with the outside by riding on China's technology and success. This will increase world trade, exchange and China's friendship and cooperation with many countries, such as Central Asian countries, East European countries, Burma, Malaysia, Singapore, Pakistan, India, Brazil, African and south American countries. There will be a lot of infrastructure to be built by Chinese technology and investment. Comparing to the military investment and expansion in U.S. effort to pivot to Asia, the belt and road initiative is more constructive, more conducive to peace and beneficial to the world. When Xi comes to the U.S. in July for the state visit invited by Obama, I suggest that Xi should just play cool and not waste any effort to convince Obama for a more equal relation. Instead he should just bring China's first lady to charm the U.S. public like she did as she visited many other countries. In time the buildup of the belt and road initiative will show Obama the reality that China is the infrastructure builder of the world and an equal partner in a multipolar world. That will bring world harmony a step closer to reality also!!!!! Francis C W Fung,Ph.D. Director General World Harmony Organization San Francisco, CA

Thursday, February 12, 2015

CHINA WILL SOON BECOME THE INFRASTRUCTURE BUILDER OF THE WORLD WITHIN NEXT TWO DECADES

CHINA WILL SOON BECOME THE INFRASTRUCTURE BUILDER OF THE WORLD WITHIN NEXT TWO DECADES BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D. Now China is the factory of the world. Because of her around the world rapid expansion of infrastructure building cooperation it will soon earn another title as the infrastructure builder of the world. The new silk road project is moving forward in earnest around many parts of the world. The "belt and road project" is also being included into China's own national energy, transportation plan and budget. China has signed agreement with 39 countries along the silk road. To expedite the high speed rail expansion along the silk road China has already built high speed rail factory is Malaysia and Eastern Europe. The Malaysia plant is preparing to supply trains to Singapore,Thailand and Malaysia. Among the agreements signed also include many ports, dams, hydro and nuclear electric plants utility and internet network as well as hg speed rail lines. The U.S. will remain as the dominant world military equipment supplier and power, but China will quietly become the dominant world harmony and connectivity developer of the world. Many developing country will soon be able modernize with the help of China!!!!!!!! Francis c W Fung, Ph.D. Director General World Harmony Organization San Francisco, CA

Friday, February 6, 2015

China National Rejuvenation, Dos and Don'ts

CHINA NATIONAL REJUVENATION DOS AND DON’TS BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D For National rejuvenation China must revive its own culture, introducing Western ideas only to stimulate its cultural renaissance. Xi Jinping, President of China said “China must return to her ancient rich cultural heritage as foundation for modernization. A nation without cultural roots is without soul”. China is a very open society right now it is inundated by political, religious, cultural and tradition ideas from the West. To prevent the over domination of Western ideas, China must be discriminate in the introduction of Western ideas so the national rejuvenation policy introduced by Xi Jinping not be dislodged by the on slaughter of Western thoughts. Recently the Chinese cultural reinforcement campaign launched by Xi Jinping is timely and necessary. Despite a barrage of Western media criticism comparing to the campaign of old excessive reeducation by Mao, Xi Jinping ‘s campaign is not at all a negative anti-intellectual campaign but a positive campaign to reinforce China national cultural rejuvenation. Xi Jinping’s approach is reconstructionary and not revolutionary compare to Mao. I am 75 years old, as a Chinese American scientist educated and lived in the U.S. for over 60 years, I have unique positive perspective about China and is in full support of Xi’s leadership in the coming Xi Jinping era. The following are suggested do’s and don’ts for discussion purpose on Chinese national rejuvenation: 1) China must insist on the development path of socialism with Chinese characteristics under communist party leadership. 2) China must revive ancient wisdom that are applicable to modern day culture and philosophy. As Xi Jinping well put “ China must build the new on old values. A nation without cultural roots is without soul. 3) Confucian teaching provides moral value to achieve sprirtual quality and peace of mind on this earth. There is no need to introduce Christianity to China with its superstition of holy trinity and the non sense of afterlife heaven and hell. Achieving self cultivation is to elevate our soul on this earth. Thus our soul in the form of invisible energy will continue on this earth after we passed away. 4) China must continue to modernize and innovate. Science is universal and does not just belong to the West. Every country has its own unique advantage to innovate. Continue to innovate means modernize. The idea that only the U.S. can innovate is absolute nonsense. 5) China must continue to strengthen its media and cultural export so as to tell a better Chinese story to the world. 6) Modernizing the ancient silk road is Xi Jinping’s grandest vision vitalize ancient culture and increase world connectivity. It will increase world trade, growth of the landlocked developing countries and benefit the whole world. 7) China must promote Chinese traditional festivals such as seven-seven, Yuan Xiao, Tuan Wu and Ching Ming to enrich Chinese people’s life and to reduce the commercialization of Valentin Day and Halloween Day in China 8) China must not be tempted to follow U.S. liberal democracy. China has its own teaching in harmony and democracy. China should follow the all-encompassing harmony renaissance and 8 socialist core values path to build a better life for her people!! Francis C W Fung, PH.D. Director General World Harmony Organization San Francisco, CA

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

India Vs China revisited, which country has more advantages

INDIA VS CHINA REVISITED WHICH COUNTRY HAS THE ADVANTAGES FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D. Since Obama visited India twice U.S. media is full of articles extoling that India will surpass China soon. One of the major reason that is promoted is that India has similar political system as the U.S. That China’s multi party consultative democracy is doomed to fail. None the less, ironically China’s multi party consultative democracy has the support of more than 80% of the population and is fast catching up with U.S. economically. The other two major reasons given by the supporter of India are that India is more innovative and entrepreneur than China. The matter of fact is that both India and China have ample entrepreneurs as evidenced by the business startup activities in both countries. As to innovation both countries are innovative in their own way. This is supported by history that for most of history China and India were the no.1 and no. 2 trading nations of the world. However, the most striking part of these articles is that support of India superiority only mentions India advantages and not Chinese advantages. The fact is China has far more advantages, just to name a few: 1) China invests far more in education and R and D. Thus China has far more research institutes and university graduates. 2) Chinese women have far more participation in business than India women. China has far more women billionaire that started their own business that India. The top10 women billionaire starter mostly hailed from China. 3) The fact that China is factory of the world supports the conclusion that China is good a t manufacturing. India is only the back office of the world. The advantage of manufacturing over back office is the former employs far more workers. 4) The West and India is strong in business management and MBA education flourishes. Country development management (CDM). Most Chinese officials are given extensive training in CDM. The Chinese government’s success in managing her economic development in the last three decades speaks ample for their CDM training. China’s university CDM training will soon spread around the world. 5) The Chinese Confucian culture are conducive to self discipline and hard work. This explains the success of China,Japan and Asian Tigers fast success in modernization during the last half century. The above are definitive China advantages that will allow China to fast catch up with U.S. as no.1 world economy by 2020. For India to catch up with China’s economy it is easier said than done. Francis C W Fung,Ph.D. Director General. World hatrmony Organization San Francisco, CA

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

XI JINPING ERA, THE FULFILMENT OF CHINA DREAM

XI JIN PING ERA, THE FULFILMENT OF CHINA DREAM BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D. Two recent excellent China watch articles by Western expats passed Western media with intentionally little attention are very informative and important China development news. They are must read articles by those interested in China future. The first article by Robert Lawrence Kuhn is aptly titled “Xi’s grand vision of new diplomacy”. In the article he summarized China’s “New Diplomacy” as follows. “There is now, at this particular point of time, an inflection point occurring in China’s diplomacy, as country changes from being reactive to proactive in its international relations. Future historian may characterize this transformation as one of the defining geopolitical trends of the first half of the 21st century. China, Xi said, should conduct “diplomacy as a great power” in an increasingly multipolar world, making friends and forming partnership networks throughout the world and striving to gain more understanding and support from all countries for the Chinese Dream.” “China cannot compete for global leadership with power alone. Economic and military strength, while necessary, are not sufficient. There must also be moral and ethical aspects to China’s rise. China, Xi asserted, should see to it that equal importance is attached to justice and benefits, stress faithfulness, value friendship, carry forward righteousness, and foster ethics, as Xi extoled the nation to adhere to the 8 socialist core values. Xi insightfully proclaimed “In today’s world, the real conflict is not between opposing political systems but rather between the forces of modernity, competence and development on the one hand, and those of ignorance, exploitation and oppression on the other.” China will continually rise peacefully based on this principle to lead the world to common prosperity and harmony(Confucian ideal Da Tong). Kuhn continued, “For its part, the U.S. should reject the Cold War mentality of “containing China” as being both archaic and self-defeating. Politico economic theories constructed in the 18th and 19th centuries have little utility in the 21st century, where most nations optimize free markets and government regulation that by nature can be neither generalized nor static.” In an article titled “China’s Grand Strategy: The New Silk Road”, David Gosset summarized that “The contrast is striking: on one side, the 2016 U.S. presidential elections are already absorbing Washington's energy, the European Union is in an urgent need of decisive leadership and a series of severe crises are eroding Russia's power. On the other side, China, rapidly regaining a position of centrality, is developing a new grand strategy with a global vision. Far from being an empty rhetorical effect, Xi Jinping's New Silk Road will not only be one of the most discussed topics of 2015, but it will profoundly mark China's coming decade and reshape Eurasia.” "Global China is certainly one of the features defining the Chinese renaissance, the country's opening up creates conditions in which the world impacts the Chinese society but an open China projects also herself globally, Xi's New Silk Road vision, reminiscent of the Tang dynasty's dynamics, illustrates this movement. The People's Republic of China, soon the world's largest economy, is aware that with power comes responsibility -- and vice versa. In a sense, the New Silk Road can be understood as a Marshall Plan with Chinese characteristics, it reassures the Middle Country's neighbors, contributes to their growth and places them in a system designed by Beijing. Xi's grand diplomacy has the advantage to envelop China's West, Xinjiang, one sixth of China's territory, de facto at the center of the Eurasian continent, is a key element of the Silk Road Economic Belt. Infrastructure projects, trade, innovative public/private partnerships will transform China's most Western region into an international platform and take it simultaneously closer to Shanghai, Turkey and Europe.” It would be for China's first trading partner, the European Union, strategic blindness to miss the opportunities offered by Xi's proposal, a vision whose scope goes far beyond the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. 2015, year of the 40th anniversary of the China-EU relations, can mark a new departure for the relations between the two edges of Eurasia.” Gosset emphasized “A Sino-European Silk Road Fund could be a complementary mechanism to finance large projects -- from infrastructure to education -- serving the shared vision of a peaceful and prosperous Eurasia. An ambitious trade agreement between the EU and China would complement the efforts to facilitate commercial exchanges across the Atlantic and across the Pacific. Italy, where the Silk Road has a unique significance, Germany, the country of Ferdinand Richthofen the geographer who coined the term "Seidenstrasse" and France, especially apt to conceive a bold and independent policy toward China, can push the European Union to seize the New Silk Road moment. Rome, Berlin and Paris will certainly get the full support of Eastern Europe whose history and culture are, through the Eurasian continuities, connected with Central Asia.” Gosset continued, “Eurasia is under the immediate threat of a territorialized terrorism that will not be defeated with drones, killing machines which, on the contrary, generate infinite hatred and fuel radicalism. The New Silk Road, addressing the long term needs of economic and social progress, creates the conditions to eliminate the roots of extremism. Fully embraced by the European Union and other Eurasian actors, the New Silk Road will take 65 percent of the world population toward an unprecedented level of cohesiveness and prosperity. Following the "China Dream" mainly articulated for the Chinese people, Xi Jinping proposes a humanistic vision of progress which goes beyond national interests, based on China's own experience of material development and inspired by the Chinese sense of universalism, Da Tong, or Grand Harmony, the New Silk Road is "Eurasia's Dream", a dream we can pursue together.” As the greatest contemporary leader of China, Xi Jinping has accomplished what are necessary to fulfil the China dream and China renaissance. To illustrate his accomplishments during his service as President we can summarize as follows: 1) Launched the socialist 8 core moral values campaign as discussed previously to guide the nation on a spiritual path. 2) Launched the China rejuvenation movement by restoring Confucian culture and harmony renaissance. 3) Launched an effective anticorruption campaign that imprisons “tigers”, swaps flies and hunts foxes. 4) Continuing reform and open up on the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics to bring the nation to overall well- being and higher quality of life. 5) Launched rule of law reform by expanding amendment to the constitution and follow through with implementation. 6) As mentioned previously initiated the one belt and one road strategy to modernize the ancient overland silk road and the ocean silk road. This grand project will connect Asia-Europe-Africa into one common development zone. It will provide connectivity and modern communication to landlocked developing countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, South East Asia and Africa for fast development. China will provide funding, internet and fast train technologies as well as skilled labor all over the world. 50 countries have signed up to participate including developed countries, Russia, Germany and Italy. It will be more grand than the American Marshall plan, which the U.S. was very proud of that helped Europe rebuilt after the Second World War. See David Gosset paper above for more details. 7) Announced the grand vision of new diplomacy for major powers. Xi insightfully proclaimed “In today’s world, the real conflict is not between opposing political systems but rather between the forces of modernity, competence and development on the one hand, and those of ignorance, exploitation and oppression on the other.” China will continually rise peacefully based on this principle to lead the world to common prosperity and harmony (Confucian ideal Da Tong). See Robert Kuhn paper above for more details. At age 75 I have lived through the humiliating years of China occupation by European colonial powers after the Opium War; the Japanese war and occupation China suffered because she was behind Japan in industrialization; the civil war between the nationalist and the communists. Victory by the communists liberated the Chinese peasants and women from oppression. However in her eagerness to modernize the cultural revolution fermented by the red guards caused chaos and set back china by two decades in her search for modernization. After thirty years of reform and open up under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, China finally regained her position as the world’s greatest trading nation which she occupied for most of human history except the last 300 years of 20th century. Today China also rise to become the world’s leading economic power surpassing the U.S. by purchasing power calculation. Once she was the most improvised nation occupied by European power after the Opium War. Under Xi Jinping’s great leadership I now feel most fortunate to live to see the coming of the best historical moment in China history as suggested by David Gosset and Robert Kuhn in the previous important papers. There were two critical thoughts by the two greatest leaders of modern China that set the background of China’s modern peaceful rise. Both Deng Xiao Ping and Xi Jinping seized the opportunity to lead China to peaceful rise because they foresee that first, development is the path not war and according to Xi Jinping “In today’s world, the real conflict is not between opposing political systems but rather between the forces of modernity, competence and development on the one hand, and those of ignorance, exploitation and oppression on the other.” Both of these principles will continue China’s peaceful rise for world common development for the foreseeable future. Now we have arrived at the best historical moment to be Chinese to help build China dream and China renaissance! Announcement: Should there be any interest to produce Xi Jinping Era epic document film based on mutual interest, kindly contact Francis C W Fung, Director General, World harmony Organization by email at fung.geneius@gmail .com Francis C W Fung, Ph.D. Director General World Harmony Organization San Francisco, CA

Saturday, January 10, 2015

THE NEW SILK ROAD, CONTINUATION OF CHINA RENAISSANCE AND CHINA DREAM OF WORLD HARMONY, (CONFUCIAN DA TONG) BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D.

THE NEW SILK ROAD, CONTINUATION OF CHINA RENAISSANCE AND CHINA DREAM OF WORLD HARMONY, (CONFUCIAN DA TONG) BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D. In support of the most insightful essay “China’s Grand Strategy: The New Silk Road” by David Gosset, Director Academia Sinica Europaea. I wish to comment as follows: The new silk road as proposed by Xi Jinping, is the modernization of the ancient silk road which served to bridge East and West. The ancient silk road brought the most important Chinese inventions including compass, paper and silk making, dynamite and printing to Europe. It can be said the European Renaissance was based in large part on China inventions. Without the all-important Chinese inventions the European renaissance would not have propagated so fast across Europe and to the New World. The modern silk road as conceived by Xi Jinping's grand strategy is to provide connectivity through the land locked developing nations in central Asia and south East Asia. With China's help of advanced infrastructure, modern day communication Euro-Asia and South East Asia can be linked to China and Europe into one commerce zone for mutual development and common prosperity. Imagine a Beijing Moscow high speed rail that will connect Europe and China that will speed goods through the two continents in two days instead of the current 20 days by ocean freight. The saving of time and money is so enormous a factor that the improvement of trade will benefit the whole world. The ancient silk road traveled by Marco Polo to China was initiated by the prosperous Tang dynasty. The modernization of the ancient silk road can well be called the the continuation of China Renaissance after China's three decades of reform and open up. Tang dynasty was the most prosperous and open Empire at the time. Along with the new silk road proposal to the world, Xi Jinping also proposed the China Dream to the Chinese citizens to rejuvenate China. The ancient dream of Confucius was Da Tong, which by today's interpretation is World Harmony. So the China dream at the end is also world's dream. The whole world is invited to participate in the new silk road. The ancient over land silk road and ocean silk road carried Chinese silk, porcelain and tea all over the world that made China the biggest trading nation in the world. Currently China is again the biggest trading country in the world. The new silk road will open up new trade routes all over the world. World trade will be expanded many times by overland Eurasia fast trains and China and South East Asian trade can by pass Strait of Malacca by high speed train directly from China thorough South east Asia and come out by way of Indian Ocean saving many days of ocean travel through pirate invested Strait of Malacca. Japan will thus be a direct beneficiary of the new ocean silk road. The over land silk road has direct significance to Russia, Eastern Europe, Italy and Germany also. Germany's Mercedes, BMW and Audio cannot wait to sell China made German cars to be sold in Eastern Europe. Thus all nations of the world are stake holders to participate in the modernization of the "One belt and one road" project envisioned by China. It does not make sense for Europe not to participate in the Silk road fund. So far there are more than 50 nations that have signed up to the new silk road world common project. Trough out history, Commerce has been the best way to facilitate cultural exchanges and increase world understanding. Improvement of transportation and communication can make profound influence in improving commerce. With the world connectivity increased by infrastructures and modern communication the world will be a more peaceful and harmonious place to live. Today's conflicts and wars are reflected by misunderstanding and distrust. Commerce will increase world understanding and thus removing misunderstanding and distrust. The U.S. hostility towards China is largely a result of misunderstanding. Thus the new silk road and China dream are interconnected one will lead to the other. Thus China Renaissance and China dream are two sides of the same coin and will benefit the whole world. China's ancient dream of Da Tong will lead to world Harmony through a more interconnected Eurasia and South East Asia where most of the developing countries still remain. The Eurasia continent consists of 65 % of the world economy. When the whole world is approaching development parity that will be the day of arrival of greater world understanding and harmony. The new silk road will have a profound effect in bring mankind together more understanding and harmonious world. The world today is fast approaching a multipolar world with increased mutual understanding. America as the sole military and economy power who does not want to loose its world dominant hegemony and holding out. Thus America is reluctant to warm up to the new silk road by fear of losing influence. In a popularity poll 80% of American population like to remain hegemony power whereas by contrast only 15 percent of Chinese population like to be a hegemony power. Thus U.S. has nothing to fear but fear itself by not warming up to the new silk road. Obama's idea of pivot to Asia is to send more fleets and military installation to Australia, Japan and Philippine and the idea of forming the Trans Pacific Partnership is to exclude China. Thus American way of increasing influence is a zero sum game of winning like playing chess, rather short ranged. A chess strategy is suited to achieve military dominance. On the other hand the Chinese idea of the new silk road is much more long ranged. The plan is to build connectivity and improve communication for common mutual development. It is a harmony win- win game like a Weiqi (Go) game. A weiqi game is long ranged about connectivity and mutual development. It is not simply about military confrontation and capture and kill. A weiqi game is more about patience, sacrifice and building of lasting dynamic harmony balance piece by piece. Thus weiqi strategy is more suited for long term global development such as world prosperity, peace and harmony. Francis C W Fung, PH.D. DIRECTOR GENERAL WORLD HARMONY ORGANIZATION SAN FRANCISCO, CA

Saturday, November 22, 2014

THE NEW SILK ROAD IS CHINA DREAM AS WELL AS WORLD DREAM

THE NEW SILK ROAD IS CHINA DREAM AS WELL AS WORLD DREAM BY FRANCIS C W FUNG, PH.D. One cannot emphasize more how important the impact the ancient Silk Road made on human civilization development. It not only facilitated trade and commerce between East and West, and cultural exchange and integration, it was also the road through which the Mongols during the 13th century transported the four most important Chinese ancient inventions to Europe. These are the well-known compass, paper, movable prints and finally dynamite among others. Without compass Columbus could not have set sailed to discover the New World. Without the help of the next three inventions to enable the transmission of information and discovery, European Renaissance could not very well taken off and propagate throughout Europe. Without the enlightenment of human mind through European Renaissance one could hardly imagine how the industrial revolution could have taken place during the 18th century in Europe. Without the industrial revolution that brought steam power and electricity for mass manufacturing U.S. could not have become the manufacturing center of the world during and after the Second World War. Thus to a large extent America became the world’s major power today owes directly and indirectly to the existence of the ancient silk road that allows the transportation of science and technology from the East to the West to facilitate the European Renaissance and the European industrial revolution. America jumped started to become a developed nation and benefitted by inheriting all her early technology from European industrial revolution. The new silk road in the spirit of the ancient silk road as proposed by China recently consists of “One belt and one road” or the “belt and road” proposal in short. “One belt” refers to the Silk Road economic belt, which Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed during his visit to Kazakhstan last September, and “One Road” stands for the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” which he proposed in Indonesia last October. With one route extends from China to central and western parts of Eurasia and the other from China to the Pacific and Indian oceans. According to Zhou Li, Vice-minister of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, in a paper titled “New Silk Road spreads benefit to all”, I quote “President Xi Jinping's proposal to build a new Silk Road Economic Belt is in line with the trend of economic globalization, leading to a truly multipolar world and "information revolution". The project envisages China cooperating with Eurasian countries to build a stable, peaceful and developed region. If the Silk Road plan's aims are achieved, it could well be the project of the century.” “The Silk Road Economic Belt will help overcome the aftershocks of the global financial crisis and make global governance more efficient. The world economy has not yet recovered from the global financial crisis which started in the United States in 2008 and which exposed the institutional weaknesses of the global governance system. Emerging market economies have a strong need to make the global governance system fairer and more representative, especially because it is becoming increasingly difficult to coordinate the interests of the developed and developing countries under the current system.” “No country can develop in isolation. Regional development and governance, based on cooperation and negotiation, can better solve the external risks. In this context, the Silk Road Economic Belt will ensure that civilizational diversity is respected, multilateralism promoted, and extremism and trade protectionism are excluded. Since the economic belt covers Eurasia, it can deepen mutual respect, dependence and win-win cooperation in the region. This is China's plan to tackle the severe aftermath of the global financial crises, as well as translate the harmonious co-existence concept into reality.” “The Silk Road Economic Belt conforms to China's peaceful development, and cooperative and win-win diplomatic concepts. China will always respect other nations' and peoples' freedom to choose their own development path, and devise their own external and internal policies, because it is not interested in seeking dominance or creating its own sphere of influence in any region, or intervening in other countries' internal affairs.” China's unswerving adherence to a peaceful development path will be reflected in the development of the Silk Road Economic Belt. In time, I hope through the Silk Road development the idea of “Harmony Renaissance” (see Francis C W Fung’s papers on harmony Renaissance) will spread from China to the rest of the world. Building the economic belt is a task for all the countries along the ancient Silk Road because this is a project of mutual benefit, with no threat of discrimination. The spirit of Harmony Renaissance thus can be nurtured. China's vision is to see the Silk Road Economic Belt improving inter-connectivity in the region with favorable policies, better roads, stronger trade, and more exchanges of culture and peoples. Zhou Li continues in his article “China has already worked out three networks for deepened cooperation with countries of the region: China-Central Asia-West Asia, China-Trans-Caucasus-Europe and China-Mongolia-Russia. Toward this end, it is actively cooperating with the countries in infrastructure construction, for example, of railways, roads, harbors, airports and telecom networks. These projects will facilitate transportation, trade and people-to-people exchanges in the fields of education, sports, tourism, science and technology, and media.” “China has signed agreements with some East European countries to help them improve their infrastructure, and earmarked $10 billion as special loans for the projects. Also, China, Russia and Mongolia have agreed to a trans-Eurasia railway that will pass through the three countries, and China and Germany have reached a series of agreements to promote land trade and building the Silk Road Economic Belt.” “Moreover, the Silk Road Economic Belt can promote the development of other regional cooperative organizations because it is an open platform, and does not conflict with the functions of the European Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Free Trade Area of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Eurasian Economic Union.” Zhou Li concluded by saying “Given the benefits that the Silk Road Economic Belt will create, China hopes to strengthen communication, enhance mutual trust and remove misgivings with other countries to make the plan a world success like the ancient silk road.” In another article by the Director of the China Institute of World Political Studies, titled “China Belt and Road Initiative” the author claims that “ China considers the policy as the embodiment of its concepts of "community of shared destiny" and "amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness", as well as concrete measures to push forward its "going global" policy. The Party and governments at all levels have placed considerable emphasis on the Silk Road plans. Industrial and financial sectors are using them to create opportunities. New and traditional media outlets are dedicating special columns to them. Civil institutions and non-governmental organizations are working on various exchange programs to make them a success. Think tanks, colleges, and consultancy firms are organizing forums and symposiums to contribute their share of knowledge to the plans. A fresh round of “Dunhuang craze” and “Maritime Silk Road craze” is on the rise in literary and art circles. Think tanks, colleges, and consulting companies are convening all kinds of forums and symposiums to contribute wisdom.” “In contrast, the US administration, leaders, academics and media have shown little interest in the plans, although some American scholars have likened them to a mirage, because their goals are too ambitious, their contents numerous and jumbled.” “The "Belt and Road Initiatives" are open propositions for economic cooperation; they are meant to help the region's common development. But some American observers have said they are China's macro-strategy wrapped in the disguise of the "Silk Road", which could be used to challenge, even transform, the regional and world orders. They see the "belt-road" policy, BRICS Bank, Shanghai Cooperation Organization Bank, and Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank as attempts to create a new regime and challenge US hegemony. Such misunderstandings can be removed only if China and the US communicate over the proposals, narrow their differences, and use the "belt-road" policy to facilitate a new type of major country relationship which will benefit both countries and the world.” In response to America’s misgiving, as I mentioned at the very beginning, that global interconnectivity is a very important aspect of globalization, which the Silk Road established more than 2,700 years ago. The Silk Road was not only a trade route; it was a major artery of political, cultural and ideological exchanges between East and West as well, which means all countries related to the Silk Road, including America as a benefiter of the industrial revolution are stakeholders in the "Belt and Road Initiatives.” Even former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has also mentioned the idea of a New Silk Road , which reflected the global and open nature of the silk road. Today China has the finance, technology and experience to provide global public goods by strengthening interconnectivity construction, which is also conducive to the US' and world’s development. Since the "Belt and Road Initiatives" are the Chinese version of the global interconnectivity strategy, which can be harmoniously and universally beneficial and inclusive. This is what the US cannot overlook in its short range zero sum mentality. Like the ancient silk road the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road Initiatives, or the Belt and the Road Initiatives, are not simply about trade and economics, but also the interaction and integration of different civilizations. When Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the notion of the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road in Indonesia in October 2013, he mentioned the word "civilization," the core of which is the integration of various civilizations. Along this line in a paper titled “The Belt and the Road and the integration of civilizations”, Peng Bo, researcher from the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, suggested the following outline approach for a smooth implementation of the “Belt and Road” project : “The idea of "civilization" has rich connotations, including culture, politics and economics. These three dimensions can either promote each other or stand in the way of each other. Politics and economics are fairly less profound than culture. We can only grasp the reality only if we handle well the intricate relationship between culture, politics and economy. The smooth implementation of the Belt and the Road Initiatives also requires the mutual interaction and promotion of the three aspects.” “In order to better develop the Belt and the Road, we need to regard the economy and trade as the motivation, politics as the lead, history as the base, culture as the platform, and build mutual trust and cooperate further. Only in this way can we integrate civilizations along the Belt and the Road, forge deep harmony between culture, politics, and economics, and eventually gain a better outcome.” “Why is trade and economy the motivation? Economy is the basis for the development of society, and the benefits brought by economics and trade are palpable and can be seen immediately. Long-term economic cooperation and the trust built after rounds of negotiations will be the basis for building the Belt and the Road. The historical Silk Road, which the new Belt and Road are modeled after, was also built through economic reciprocity.” “Why is politics the lead? Because as the superstructure, politics will impact and react to the economy. Compared to economics and culture, politics is a more proactive and more changeable force. Political negotiations often bring forth opportunities for social development and transition. The Bretton Woods Conference and the APEC conference are both examples.” “Why is culture the platform? Culture is more enduring and profound than economics and politics. The economy often undergoes transformations and witnesses highs and lows. Politics is even more changeable. Western political philosophy believes that there are no permanent friends but only permanent interests between countries. Thus, only by shaping friendship and cooperation along the Belt and the Road on a cultural dimension will the friendship be ever-lasting and form the cornerstone of the stable development of economic and trade relations.” “Why is history the base? Because history always exerts a sustained and profound impact on the current situation. When we tell the countries along the Belt and the Road that we will rebuild the Silk Road, the notion of the Silk Road evoke their historical memories, and convey to them the idea that it is our common cause rather than China's own strategy. The Belt and the Road maintains the common interest of countries and peoples along the road, rather than just the interest of China. It is therefore more likely to touch a chord in the hearts of the citizens involved.” “Therefore in the cause of implementing the strategy of the Belt and the Road, we need to rouse the enthusiasm of the relevant countries, seek common ground while reserving differences on the cultural front, develop the economy together, and build political mutual trust and benefit. Only when we reach out through cultural inclusiveness, motivate through economic development and appeal through political cooperation can we integrate civilizations and achieve more effective results for the world.” Francis C W Fung,Ph.D. Director General World Harmony Organization San Francisco, CA